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BENNETT, Richard Sr.
Male 1622 - 1709

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  • Suffix  Sr. 
    Birth  1 Jun 1622  Isle of Wight Co., VA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender  Male 
    Died  25 Feb 1709  in Isle of Wight Co., VA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID  I586  My Genealogy
    Last Modified  04 Nov 2010 

    Family  BARHAM, Ann,   b. About 1626, Boughton-Monchelsey, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. About 1682, Upper Parish, Isle of Wight, VA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    >1. HILL, Elizabeth "Steed",   b. 28 Jun 1732, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1802
    Last Modified  04 Nov 2010 
    Family ID  F149  Group Sheet

  • Notes 
    • Individual:
      BIOGRAPHY: "Richard Bennett, who acted as Governor from April 30, 1652, to March 30, 1655, was a Burgess from Warrasquoyoke in 1629, and a member of the Council in 1642. Because of his Puritan religious beliefs he left Virginia for Maryland to escape persecution. From thence he went to England, and in 1651 returned to Virginia as one of the Parliament's Commissioners to effect the reduction of the Colony under Cromwell. He was elected Governor by the Assembly, and subsequently sent to England as agent to represent Virginia's interests before Parliament. In 1666 he was made Major General and given command of the greater number of the militia of the Colony. In the following year he served as Commissioner to Maryland in the endeavor to regulate the cultivation and sale of tobacco. He was the owner of Wayanoak and Kicquotan plantations on the James."
      Richard, colonial governor of Virginia in the 17th century. He was a Virginia planter who , with William Clayborne, was appointed by the "Long parliament" in 1651 to act with English commissioners in reconciling the colony to the administration of Oliver Cromwell in England . Many of the colonists favored the Stuarts, and the parliament wisely sought to conciliate rather than coerce them.
      Bennet was a Roundhead, as was also his fellow-commissioner. All opposition did not disappear, however, until the British frigate "Guinea" arrived, in March 1652, with orders to carry out the instructions of the commissioners, and if necessary to enforce the authority of parliament. Virtual independence was, in fact, guaranteed to Virginia, and it was agreed that th e people should have all the liberties of free- born Englishmen, should enact their own laws , should remain unquestioned as to their past loyalty, and should have "as free trade as the people of England." So much was granted by parliament, but an article confirming her ancient bounds, prohibiting taxation without representation, and agreeing that no forts should be erected without the consent of the colony, was never approved.
      Until the restoration, Virginia was nominally independent, although actually under the rul e of the commissioners. The executive officer became electire, and Bennet was chosen governor . Members of the house of burgesses were required to take oath that they would especially pro vide for the "general good and prosperity" of Virginia and its inhabitants. Governor Bennet had been treated oppressively by the late royalist governor, Sir William Berkeley, but nobly refrained from taking the revenge that was made easy by his official position. Under Bennet' s administration the house of burgesses claimed the right to define the powers of the governo r and council, and declared "that the right of electing all the officers of this colony should appertain to the burgesses as the representatives of the people."
      Maryland was not so easily pacified, being more aggressively loyal, and Bennet with Clayborne went over in the "Guinea" frigate with the English commissioners, and enforced submission . In 1654 the Maryland royalists or proprietaries, under the instigation of Lord Baltimore, a gain revolted, and overthrew the parliamentarians, and intercolonial hostilities followed b y land and sea, resulting in victory for the Virginians under Governor Bennet. The decisive action took place on 25 March 1655, and many prisoners, including the royalist Governor Stone , were taken captive. At least four of these were executed. During the same year Governor Ben net retired from public life.
      From Appleton's
      Bennett Creek ; village in Nansemond County, Virginia , named for Richard Bennett , governor in 1652 -1656.
      Richard Bennett, son of Thomas, is mentioned as "brother in law," in the will of Anthony Barham of Mulberry Island, 6th of September, 1641, as heretofore shown*. He resided at Blackwater in the vicinity of the plantations of Justinian Cooper and Francis England, for in 1669 Thomas Wood, "son of Arthur Wood, and Sarah Wooten his mother, relict of arthur deceased," deede him land an in the deed he is mentioned as "Richard Bennett of Blackwater." Col. Arthur Smith in 1666 made a deed to land at "Blackwater" inherited by his wife Sarah Jackson from her grandmother Alice Bennett."
      In 1682, Richard Bennett patented 630 acres in the Lower Parish of Surry County, bounded by the land of Francis Mason, William Edwards and the Hollybush Swamp, for the transportation of thirteen persons, his name not being among those mentioned. As he did not receive any land for his own transportation it seems therefore that he was born in Virginia.
      Soon after receiving the above grant he sold George Morrell part of the land as evidenced by the following deed (Deed Bk 2, pp.30-31):
      "Richard Bennet, ye elder of the Upper Parish of Isle of Wight with the free will and consent of my wife, Anne, have for a valuable consideration to me in hand paid before the sealing, grant unto George Morrell of Lawne's Creek Parish in the County of Surry, 150 acres situate on the west side of Pocatink Swamp in Surry, the same parcel of land being part of a patent for 630 acres to me granted the 22 July 1682 - near Mr. Thos. Binns."
      On the fourth of September, 1694, he made a gift of 200 acres on the west side of Pocatink Swamp to his son James Bennet of the Lower Parish of Surry County. (Deeds 1694-1709, p 18) July 5, 1699, as Richard Bennett of the Upper Parish of Isle of Wight, he deeded to his "son and heir" Richard Bennett, Jr., of the same parish "all right and title in land that belonged to Edward JOnes then taking in plantation Richard Bennett now lives, being part of land bought of William Miles in 1656." 9Bk 1688-1704, p. 292)
      This date, 1656, is interesting for it shows that Richard Bennett must have been grown in 1656 and therefore could have been the Richard Bennett mentioned by Anthony Barham in his will in 1641. When the above Richard Bennett, Jr., made his will in 1720 he was still living on this land he speaks of "my plantation and land whereon I now live, it being part of ye land which was bought formerly of William Miles." Miles patented land on the second branch of the Blackwater adjoining Mr. England's land at an early date and died in 1698. He was aged seventy-five years on the 8th of March, 1697-8, which would have made him twenty-three years of age in 1656.
      Richard Bennett's first wife was named Anne. She was probably the mother of his children. The wife mentioned in his will was named Sarah and she subsequently married Robert Lancaster whose will was probated in 1720. Sarah Bennett-Lancaster made her will the 31st of October, 1722, and same was probated 29 January, 1723.
      Richard Bennett, Sr., died in 1709. He was then probably between eighty and eighty-five years of age as he had several sets of great grandchildren. Fifteen years before his death he made a deed of land in Surry to Ann Bell a married grandaughter. He made his will as "Richard Bennett, Sr.," on the 4th of December, 1709 and same was probated February, 1710. [Sixteenth Century Isle of Wight 294-296]
      *NEHGR believes this is a reference to Richard Bennett, the governor of Virginia and not this Richard Bennett. [NEHGR CLXVII:393-394]
    • Bennetts on the Bias, Vol 1, by Muriel Bennett Minium:
      "Richard married again, but he and Sarah, widow of Daniel Lewis, had no children." Page 107
      WILL of Richard Bennett: The son of Thomas and Alice died in 1709. His Will as "Richard Bennett, Sr.," on the 4th of December 1709 was probated in February of 1710 in Surry County, VA. He like Major-General Richard, was an octogenarian. In his Will he mentions his wife, Sarah. Legatees were Mary Thorpe, daughter of Daniel Lewis; John Mangum; James Coffield; and Susana and Martha Lewis, daughters of Susan who had also married a Daniel Lewis.
      Witnesses were: Thomas Thropp, William George, Mary Carnes, and John Mangum"
      Richards' widow Sarah married Robert Lancaster. Page 112
      Source: http://expage.com/page/eake
      Richard Bennett (d 1709 Isle of Wight Co VA) may have been the son of Thomas Bennett and Alice. In 1638 he patented 300A in Isle of Wight Co VA. He and John Cofer were granted 1400A (undated). In 1656 he purchased land at Hickory Valley Branch from William Miles, and on 5Jul1699 made a gift of it to his son Richard. In 1682 he patented 630A at Lower Parish in Surry Co VA. He made his will 1709, naming his wife, children and stepchildren. The will was probated Feb1710 at Isle of Wight Co VA. He m 1) Anne. Their children were:
      Susanna m Daniel Lewis Jr
      Martha m __ Lewis
      Richard (d 1720 Upper Parish, Isle of Wight Co VA) m Elizabeth
      James (d 1752 Southwark Parish, Surry Co VA) m Mary Evans
      Richard m 2) Sarah, widow of Daniel Lewis Sr.